Inverse Square Law

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Reference distance from source

ft.

Sound Level at reference distance

dBSPL

New distance from source

ft.

Sound Level at New Distance:

dBSPL

This calculation will give you the amount of attenuation, in decibels, you can expect with a change in receiver distance, in a free field (outdoors). 

For example if you were standing 20 feet from a loudspeaker, and were to move to 40 feet away from that loudspeaker, you would expect to see a drop in level of 6 dB. Sound that is radiated from a point source drops in level at 6 dB per doubling of distance. 

Equation used to calculate the data:

Snew=Sref + (20 * Log (Dref / Dnew)

Where:

Dref = Reference Distance
Dnew = New Distance

Sref = Reference Sound Level

Snew = New Sound Level