Tip #4:
Microphone Performance in the Direct Sound Field

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The direct sound field is defined as sound reaching the microphone  directly from the sound source without having been reflected off walls, ceilings, floors or other reflective surfaces.

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In the direct sound field, the null of the pickup pattern can be directed at an unwanted sound source, thus substantially reducing feedback or sound leakage.

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Question: What is the best pickup pattern to use in conjunction with a floor monitor? Why?

Answer: Usually cardioid, because it’s easy to aim the rear null of the cardioid pattern at the monitor.